Higher-Than-Expected Inflation Dampens Hopes for June Interest Rate Cut

May 22, 2024

Impact on Borrowers, Property Market, and Lenders Amid Bank of England’s Cautious Stance.

The recent CPI data showing a 2.3% increase in the 12 months to April, down from 3.2% in March but slightly above the 2.1% economists had predicted, has several implications for borrowers, the property market, and the potential actions of lenders and the Bank of England (BoE).

For Borrowers

  1. Interest Rates: The higher-than-expected CPI figure might influence the BoE to maintain a cautious stance on interest rates. Borrowers could see interest rates staying higher for longer to combat inflation, affecting variable-rate mortgage holders and those looking for new loans.
  2. Loan Costs: The cost of borrowing may fall slower than anticipated. This means higher repayments for existing borrowers with variable rates and potentially higher initial rates for new borrowers.

For the Property Market

  1. Housing Demand: Continued higher borrowing costs could dampen housing demand. Prospective homebuyers might delay purchasing decisions, waiting for more favourable interest rates.
  2. Property PricesProperty prices could remain under pressure with lower demand. This might provide a breather for first-time buyers, but current homeowners may see a slower appreciation in their property values.

For Lenders

  1. Mortgage Rates: Given the higher-than-expected inflation data, lenders might keep mortgage rates relatively high. They will likely continue to assess risk carefully, factoring in the ongoing inflation concerns.
  2. Credit Availability: Lenders might tighten credit conditions slightly, becoming more selective about whom they lend to, given the uncertain economic environment.

Bank of England’s Reaction

  1. Interest Rate Policy: The BoE might be less inclined to cut rates in June than previously thought. The higher CPI figure suggests inflationary pressures are still present, which may prompt the BoE to prioritize controlling inflation over stimulating growth through lower interest rates.
  2. Forward Guidance: The BoE might signal a wait-and-see approach, closely monitoring upcoming economic data before making rate cuts.

Likelihood of a June Cut

Given the higher-than-expected inflation rate, the likelihood of a June interest rate cut has decreased. The BoE will likely want to see more consistent signs of inflation falling towards its target before making any reductions in interest rates. Therefore, a rate cut in June is now less likely.


  • Borrowers: May face continued high borrowing costs.
  • Property Market: Likely to see slower demand and price growth.
  • Lenders: Could maintain or tighten current lending conditions.
  • Bank of England: Less likely to cut rates in June; will continue monitoring inflation closely.

These dynamics will unfold as more economic data becomes available, but the immediate takeaway is likely to be a cautious stance from the BoE in response to persistent inflationary pressures.